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vpnMentor was established in 2014 as an independent site reviewing VPN services and covering privacy-related stories. Today, our team of hundreds of cybersecurity researchers, writers, and editors continues to help readers fight for their online freedom in partnership with Kape Technologies PLC, which also owns the following products: ExpressVPN, CyberGhost, and Private Internet Access which may be ranked and reviewed on this website. The reviews published on vpnMentor are believed to be accurate as of the date of each article, and written according to our strict reviewing standards that prioritize the independent, professional and honest examination of the reviewer, taking into account the technical capabilities and qualities of the product together with its commercial value for users. The rankings and reviews we publish may also take into consideration the common ownership mentioned above, and affiliate commissions we earn for purchases through links on our website. We do not review all VPN providers and information is believed to be accurate as of the date of each article.
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vpnMentor was established in 2014 as an independent site reviewing VPN services and covering privacy-related stories. Today, our team of hundreds of cybersecurity researchers, writers, and editors continues to help readers fight for their online freedom in partnership with Kape Technologies PLC, which also owns the following products: ExpressVPN, CyberGhost, and Private Internet Access which may be ranked and reviewed on this website. The reviews published on vpnMentor are believed to be accurate as of the date of each article, and written according to our strict reviewing standards that prioritize the independent, professional and honest examination of the reviewer, taking into account the technical capabilities and qualities of the product together with its commercial value for users. The rankings and reviews we publish may also take into consideration the common ownership mentioned above, and affiliate commissions we earn for purchases through links on our website. We do not review all VPN providers and information is believed to be accurate as of the date of each article.

VPN Demand Surges Post Adult Site Block on Utah-Located Users

vpnMentor Research Team Cybersecurity and Research Lab

The demand for VPN services in Utah skyrocketed on Monday, May 1, and Tuesday, May 2, 2023, as the most visited adult website in the United States banned users from the state from accessing their website.

On May 1, 2023, Pornhub enforced a block on all Utah IP addresses, two days before the Online Pornography Viewing Age Requirements law (S.B. 287) took effect on Wednesday, May 3, 2023. The law requires commercial providers of pornographic materials to implement “reasonable” age verification rules. Some cited methods included presenting state-sanctioned digitized identification cards and third-party verification.

S.B. 287 also makes it possible for parents and legal guardians to claim damages against adult websites proven to have made their content accessible to minors.

As a rebuttal, Pornhub opted to show Utah-based users a pre-recorded video message instead of their regular content, objecting to the state's newly introduced law. The video featured an adult actor communicating the website's concerns about the potential privacy issues arising from the mandate for every visitor to present an ID card.

Pornhub presented Utah-based users with a recorded video message in lieu of their content as a protest against the state’s new law

VPN Demand Surge in Utah

Following the geo-block on Utah IP addresses is a dramatic increase in demand for VPN services in the state. vpnMentor’s research team analyzed user demand data from Monday and Tuesday and found a 967% upswell in VPN demand in Utah.

The graph below juxtaposes the demand for VPNs during the first two days of May compared with the demand a few days before the adult website’s IP block.

VPN Demand Surge in Utah

Comparison With Similar Restriction-Driven VPN Demand Growths

This year has seen many similar age-based restrictions on adult content consumption in the United States. On January 1, Louisiana enacted one of the first such laws to pass in the country.

Louisiana’s H.B. 142 (now Act 440) required websites with at least 33.33% of pornographic material to conduct age verification. This caused a 200% surge in VPN demand in the first week of January.

Other age restriction bills have been signed into law in Mississippi (S.B. 2346) and Arkansas (S.B. 66). An immediate 72% increase in VPN demand was observed in Mississippi when S.B. 2346 was passed in April. It is scheduled for implementation on July 1.

In contrast with Utah's VPN demand upswell, which is due to Pornhub's ban, the surge in Louisiana and Mississippi can be directly linked to the signing of their respective laws. Evidently, the VPN demand increase linked to the age restriction bills passing is not as high as the surge caused by the Pornhub ban.

One possible reason for this disparity is the continued access to pornographic material through sources other than major adult websites, such as social media platforms.

Additionally, in Louisiana, Pornhub and other adult sites operated by MindGeek (Pornhub’s owner) complied with the state’s Act 440. Louisiana-based users must verify their age through a state-sponsored mobile app called LA Wallet, which stores a legally binding replica of Louisiana driver’s licenses.

In Utah, a similar system has been operational since 2021. However, a spokesperson for Pornhub clarified in an interview with CNN that the program is not yet capable of processing age verifications online because it was only made for presenting electronic driver’s licenses at Salt Lake City International Airport, liquor shops, and local credit unions.

More states with outstanding age restriction bills include Texas (S.B. 2021) and Montana (S.B. 544).

Past VPN demand surges related to pornographic content restrictions are not limited to age verification laws. In November 2020, the government in Thailand announced a total ban on Pornhub and 190 other pornographic sites, causing a 644% jump in VPN searches.

vpnMentor neither encourages nor condones using VPNs for illegal activities, such as bypassing laws or regulations.

We review vendors based on rigorous testing and research but also take into account your feedback and our affiliate commission with providers. Some providers are owned by our parent company.
Learn more
vpnMentor was established in 2014 as an independent site reviewing VPN services and covering privacy-related stories. Today, our team of hundreds of cybersecurity researchers, writers, and editors continues to help readers fight for their online freedom in partnership with Kape Technologies PLC, which also owns the following products: ExpressVPN, CyberGhost, and Private Internet Access which may be ranked and reviewed on this website. The reviews published on vpnMentor are believed to be accurate as of the date of each article, and written according to our strict reviewing standards that prioritize the independent, professional and honest examination of the reviewer, taking into account the technical capabilities and qualities of the product together with its commercial value for users. The rankings and reviews we publish may also take into consideration the common ownership mentioned above, and affiliate commissions we earn for purchases through links on our website. We do not review all VPN providers and information is believed to be accurate as of the date of each article.

About the Author

vpnMentor Research Lab is a pro bono service that strives to help the online community defend itself against cyber threats while educating organizations on protecting their users’ data.
Our ethical security research team has discovered and disclosed some of the most impactful data breaches in recent years.

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